The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
- First try to dissolve a small amount of peptide in either water or buffer. The more charged residues on a peptide, the more soluble it is in aqueous solutions. - If the peptide doesn’t dissolve try an organic solvent e.g. DMSO, then dilute using water or buffer. - Consider that any solvent used must be compatible with your assay. If a peptide does not dissolve and you need to recover it, lyophilise to remove the solvent. - Gentle warming and sonication can effectively aid peptide solubilisation. If the solution is cloudy or has gelled the peptide may be in suspension rather than solubilised. - Peptides containing cysteine are easily oxidised, so should be prepared in solution just prior to use.
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Preparation and Storage
Stability and Storage
Shipped at 4°C. Upon delivery aliquot and store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid repeated freeze / thaw cycles.
Information available upon request.
APG16 like 1
ATG16 autophagy related 16 like 1
ATG16 autophagy related 16-like 1 (S. cerevisiae)
Autophagy related protein 16 1
Autophagy-related protein 16-1
WD repeat domain 30
FunctionPlays an essential role in autophagy: interacts with ATG12-ATG5 to mediate the conjugation of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) to LC3 (MAP1LC3A, MAP1LC3B or MAP1LC3C), to produce a membrane-bound activated form of LC3 named LC3-II. Thereby, controls the elongation of the nascent autophagosomal membrane.
Involvement in diseaseInflammatory bowel disease 10
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the WD repeat ATG16 family. Contains 7 WD repeats.
Post-translational modificationsProteolytic cleavage by activated CASP3 leads to degradation and may regulate autophagy upon cellular stress and apoptotic stimuli.
Cellular localizationCytoplasm. Preautophagosomal structure membrane. Recruited to omegasomes membranes by WIPI2. Omegasomes are endoplasmic reticulum connected strutures at the origin of preautophagosomal structures. Localized to preautophagosomal structure (PAS) where it is involved in the membrane targeting of ATG5. Localizes also to discrete punctae along the ciliary axoneme.