Overview

Description

  • NatureRecombinant
  • SourceWheat germ
  • Amino Acid Sequence
    • AccessionQ14118
    • SpeciesHuman
    • Molecular weight38 kDa including tags
    • Amino acids31 to 140

Specifications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab112278 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

  • Biological activityuseful for Antibody Production and Protein Array
  • Applications

    Western blot

    Peptide Array

    SDS-PAGE

    ELISA

  • FormLiquid
  • Additional NotesBest use within three months from the date of receipt of this protein.useful for Antibody Production and Protein Array
  • Concentration information loading...

Preparation and Storage

  • Stability and Storage

    Shipped on dry ice. Upon delivery aliquot and store at -80ºC. Avoid freeze / thaw cycles.

    pH: 8.00
    Constituents: 0.79% Tris HCl, 0.31% Glutathione
    Note: Reduced glutathione

General info

  • Alternative names
    • 156DAG
    • A3a
    • Agrin receptor
    • AGRNR
    • Alpha-DG
    • alpha-DG-N
    • Beta-DG
    • Beta-dystroglycan
    • DAG
    • Dag1
    • DAG1_HUMAN
    • Dystroglycan
    • Dystroglycan 1 (dystrophin-associated glycoprotein 1)
    • Dystroglycan, alpha
    • Dystrophin-associated glycoprotein 1
    • MDDGC7
    • MDDGC9
    • OTTHUMP00000210857
    • OTTHUMP00000210858
    see all
  • FunctionThe dystroglycan complex is involved in a number of processes including laminin and basement membrane assembly, sarcolemmal stability, cell survival, peripheral nerve myelination, nodal structure, cell migration, and epithelial polarization.
    Alpha-dystroglycan is an extracellular peripheral glycoprotein that acts as a receptor for both extracellular matrix proteins containing laminin-G domains, and for certain adenoviruses. Receptor for laminin-2 (LAMA2) and agrin in peripheral nerve Schwann cells. Also acts as a receptor for M.leprae in peripheral nerve Schwann cells but only in the presence of the G-domain of LAMA2, and for lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus, Old World Lassa fever virus, and clade C New World arenaviruses.
    Beta-dystroglycan is a transmembrane protein that plays important roles in connecting the extracellular matrix to the cytoskeleton. Acts as a cell adhesion receptor in both muscle and non-muscle tissues. Receptor for both DMD and UTRN and, through these interactions, scaffolds axin to the cytoskeleton. Also functions in cell adhesion-mediated signaling and implicated in cell polarity.
  • Tissue specificityExpressed in a variety of fetal and adult tissues. In epidermal tissue, located to the basement membrane. Also expressed in keratinocytes and fibroblasts.
  • Involvement in diseaseDefects in DAG1 are the cause of muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy limb-girdle type C7 (MDDGC7) [MIM:613818]. An autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy showing onset in early childhood, and associated with mental retardation without structural brain anomalies. Note=MDDGC7 is caused by DAG1 mutations that interfere with normal post-translational processing, resulting in defective DAG1 glycosylation and impaired interactions with extracellular-matrix components. Other muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathies are caused by defects in enzymes involved in protein O-glycosylation.
  • Sequence similaritiesContains 1 peptidase S72 domain.
  • Post-translational
    modifications
    O- and N-glycosylated. Alpha-dystroglycan is heavily O-glycosylated comprising of up to two thirds of its mass and the carbohydrate composition differs depending on tissue type. Mucin-type O-glycosylation is important for ligand binding activity. O-mannosylation of alpha-DAG1 is found in high abundance in both brain and muscle where the most abundant glycan is Sia-alpha-2-3-Gal-beta-1-4-Glc-NAc-beta-1-2-Man. In muscle, glycosylation on Thr-379 by a phosphorylated O-mannosyl glycan with the structure 2-(N-acetylamido)-2-deoxygalactosyl-beta-1,3-2-(N-acetylamido)-2-deoxyglucosyl-beta-1,4-6-phosphomannose is mediated by like-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (LARGE) protein and is required for laminin binding. O-mannosylation is also required for binding lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus, Old World Lassa fever virus, and clade C New World arenaviruses. The O-glycosyl hexose on Thr-367, Thr-369, Thr-372, Thr-381 and Thr-388 is probably mannose. O-glycosylated in the N-terminal region with a core 1 or possibly core 8 glycan. The beta subunit is N-glycosylated.
    Autolytic cleavage produces the alpha and beta subunits. In cutaneous cells, as well as in certain pathological conditions, shedding of beta-dystroglcan can occur releasing a peptide of about 30 kDa.
    SRC-mediated phosphorylation of the PPXY motif of the beta subunit recruits SH2 domain-containing proteins, but inhibits binding to WWW domain-containing proteins, DMD and UTRN. This phosphorylation also inhibits nuclear entry.
  • Cellular localizationSecreted > extracellular space and Cell membrane. Cytoplasm > cytoskeleton. Nucleus > nucleoplasm. The monomeric form translocates to the nucleus via the action of importins and depends on RAN. Nuclear transport is inhibited by Tyr-892 phosphorylation. In skeletal muscle, this phosphorylated form locates to a vesicular internal membrane compartment. In peripheral nerves, localizes to the Schwann cell membrane. Colocalizes with ERM proteins in Schwann-cell microvilli.
  • Target information above from: UniProt accession Q14118 The UniProt Consortium
    The Universal Protein Resource (UniProt) in 2010
    Nucleic Acids Res. 38:D142-D148 (2010) .

    Information by UniProt

Human DAG1 protein fragment images

  • 12.5% SDS-PAGE Stained with Coomassie Blue with recombinant protein.

References for Human DAG1 protein fragment (ab112278)

ab112278 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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