Overview

  • Product name
    Human IgA ELISA Kit
    See all IgA kits
  • Detection method
    Colorimetric
  • Precision
    Intra-assay
    Sample n Mean SD CV%
    Serum 8 4.12%
    Inter-assay
    Sample n Mean SD CV%
    Serum 3 5.92%
  • Sample type
    Cell culture supernatant, Saliva, Milk, Urine, Serum, Plasma
  • Assay type
    Sandwich (quantitative)
  • Sensitivity
    0.25 ng/ml
  • Range
    0.78 ng/ml - 50 ng/ml
  • Recovery

    Sample specific recovery
    Sample type Average % Range
    Saliva 90.31 87.91% - 92.45%
    Milk 92.21 81% - 101.51%
    Urine 99.48 86.21% - 109.34%
    Serum 98.37 81.35% - 109.17%
    Cell culture media 100.65 85.17% - 117.29%
    Heparin Plasma 97.17 91.05% - 109.18%
    EDTA Plasma 81.23 75.01% - 87.76%
    Citrate Plasma 93.47 88.78% - 98.99%

  • Assay time
    1h 30m
  • Assay duration
    One step assay
  • Species reactivity
    Reacts with: Human
    Does not react with: Mouse, Rat, Rabbit, Goat, Guinea pig, Hamster, Cow, Dog, Pig
  • Product overview

    Abcam’s Human IgA in vitro SimpleStep ELISA™ (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay) kit is designed for the quantitative measurement of IgA protein in Human serum, plasma, milk, urine, saliva, and culture media samples.

    The SimpleStep ELISA™ employs an affinity tag labeled capture antibody and a reporter conjugated detector antibody which immunocapture the sample analyte in solution. This entire complex (capture antibody/analyte/detector antibody) is in turn immobilized via immunoaffinity of an anti-tag antibody coating the well. To perform the assay, samples or standards are added to the wells, followed by the antibody mix. After incubation, the wells are washed to remove unbound material. TMB substrate is added and during incubation is catalyzed by HRP, generating blue coloration. This reaction is then stopped by addition of Stop Solution completing any color change from blue to yellow. Signal is generated proportionally to the amount of bound analyte and the intensity is measured at 450 nm. Optionally, instead of the endpoint reading, development of TMB can be recorded kinetically at 600 nm.

  • Notes

    Human Immunoglobulin A (IgA) belongs to the immunoglobulin family of proteins which include Human IgG, IgE, and IgM, and are known as antibodies. IgA has an essential role in mucosal immunity. IgA is the second most common serum Ig and is about one-fifth of the concentration of IgG, however it is the most abundant immunoglobulin in secretions, such as saliva, mucus, sweat, and tears. In normal human serum, IgA is found mainly as a monomeric, alternatively, in secretions, IgA is found as a dimer containing two additional proteins, secretory piece, and a J chain. The secretory piece is synthesized in the epithelial cells and is added to IgA as it passes into the secretions, protecting it from degradation. IgA works is with lysozymes to hydrolyze carbohydrates in bacterial cells walls to clear the infection.

    The most common disease associated with high levels of IgA in the kidney is IgA nephropathy, aka Berger’s disease. There is no clear clarification as to why IgA deposits occur in the kidney, however abnormality in the immune system is a possibility. Other diseases that IgA is associated with are Celiac disease and Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP).

  • Tested applications
    Suitable for: Sandwich ELISAmore details
  • Platform
    Microplate

Properties

  • Storage instructions
    Store at +4°C. Please refer to protocols.
  • Components 1 x 96 tests
    10X Human IgA Capture Antibody 1 x 600µl
    10X Human IgA Detector Antibody 1 x 600µl
    10X Wash Buffer PT (ab206977) 1 x 20ml
    Antibody Diluent CPI - HAMA Blocker (ab193969) 1 x 6ml
    Human IgA Lyophilized Purified Protein 2 vials
    Plate Seals 1 unit
    Sample Diluent NS 1 x 50ml
    SimpleStep Pre-Coated 96-Well Microplate (ab206978) 1 unit
    Stop Solution 1 x 12ml
    TMB Substrate 1 x 12ml
  • Research areas
  • Relevance
    Human IgA (immunoglobulin A) is a glycosylated protein of 160 kDa and is produced as a monomer or as a J chain linked dimer. Monomeric IgA constitutes 5-15 % of the serum immunoglobulins whereas dimeric IgA is localized to mucosa surfaces such as saliva, gastrointestinal secretion, bronchial fluids and milk. Mucosal IgA plays a major role in host defence by neutralising infectious agents at mucosal surfaces. The production is usually local and antigen specific IgA producing B cells can be found in regions under the lamina propria where they mature into dimeric IgA producing plasma cells. IgA deficiency is the most common immunodeficiency that may affect both serum and mucosal produced IgA. OR: The secretory component is a component of immunoglobulin A (IgA) which consists of a portion of the polymeric immunoglobulin receptor. Polymeric IgA binds to the polymeric immunoglobulin receptor on the basolateral surface of epithelial cells and is taken up into the cell via transcytosis. The receptor-IgA complex passes through the cellular compartments before being secreted on the luminal surface of the epithelial cells, still attached to the receptor. Proteolysis of the receptor occurs and the dimeric IgA molecule, along with the secretory component, are free to diffuse throughout the lumen.
  • Alternative names
    • Hepatocellular carcinoma-associated protein TB6
    • Ig alpha 1 chain C region
    • Ig alpha 2 chain C region
    • IGHA
    • IGHA1
    • IGHA2
    • IGHAC
    • Immunoglobulin heavy constant alpha 1
    • Immunoglobulin heavy constant alpha 2
    • Immunoglobulin heavy constant alpha 2 A2m marker
    • PIgR
    • Poly-Ig receptor
    • polymeric immunoglobulin receptor
    • polymeric immunoglobulin receptor Secretory component
    see all
  • Database links

Applications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab196263 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
Sandwich ELISA Use at an assay dependent concentration.

Images

  • Background-subtracted data values (mean +/- SD) are graphed.

  • Ten individual healthy donors were evaluated for the presence of IgA in serum using this assay. Results were interpolated from the standard curve in Sample Diluent NS and corrected for sample dilution (1:2X105). The mean level of Human IgA was found at 3.978 mg/mL with a range of 1.016 – 9.476 mg/mL.

  • Fluids from a pooled selection of healthy donors were evaluated for the presence of Human IgA in serum, milk, saliva, and urine using this assay. Results were interpolated from the standard curve in Sample Diluent NS and corrected for sample dilution (1:2X105). The mean levels of Human IgA in serum were found at 2.45 mg/mL, in milk at 0.74 mg/mL, in saliva at 0.94 mg/mL and in urine at 0.05 mg/mL.

Protocols

References

This product has been referenced in:
  • Yoon JY  et al. Aberrant expression of interleukin-10 and activation-induced cytidine deaminase in B cells from patients with Behçet's disease. Biomed Rep 7:520-526 (2017). Read more (PubMed: 29188055) »
  • Zhou ZQ  et al. Follicular helper T cell exhaustion induced by PD-L1 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma results in impaired cytokine expression and B cell help, and is associated with advanced tumor stages. Am J Transl Res 8:2926-36 (2016). Read more (PubMed: 27508013) »

See all 2 Publications for this product

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Please note: All products are "FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY AND ARE NOT INTENDED FOR DIAGNOSTIC OR THERAPEUTIC USE"

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