Abcam’s Stem Cell Factor (Kit Ligand) Human in vitro ELISA (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay) kit is designed for the quantitative measurement of Stem Cell Factor concentrations in Human plasma, serum and cell culture supernatants.
A Stem Cell Factor specific antibody has been precoated onto 96-well plates and blocked. Standards or test samples are added to the wells and subsequently a Stem Cell Factor specific biotinylated detection antibody is added and then followed by washing with wash buffer. Streptavidin-Peroxidase Conjugate is added and unbound conjugates are washed away with wash buffer. TMB is then used to visualize Streptavidin-Peroxidase enzymatic reaction. TMB is catalyzed by Streptavidin-Peroxidase to produce a blue color product that changes into yellow after adding acidic stop solution. The density of yellow coloration is directly proportional to the amount of Stem Cell Factor captured in plate.
Store kit at 4°C immediately upon receipt, apart from the Streptavidin-Peroxidase Conjugate & Biotinylated Antibody, which should be stored at -20°C.
Ligand for the receptor-type protein-tyrosine kinase KIT. Plays an essential role in the regulation of cell survival and proliferation, hematopoiesis, stem cell maintenance, gametogenesis, mast cell development, migration and function, and in melanogenesis. KITLG/SCF binding can activate several signaling pathways. Promotes phosphorylation of PIK3R1, the regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, and subsequent activation of the kinase AKT1. KITLG/SCF and KIT also transmit signals via GRB2 and activation of RAS, RAF1 and the MAP kinases MAPK1/ERK2 and/or MAPK3/ERK1. KITLG/SCF and KIT promote activation of STAT family members STAT1, STAT3 and STAT5. KITLG/SCF and KIT promote activation of PLCG1, leading to the production of the cellular signaling molecules diacylglycerol and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate. KITLG/SCF acts synergistically with other cytokines, probably interleukins.
Involvement in disease
Hyperpigmentation with or without hypopigmentation, familial progressive Deafness, congenital, unilateral or asymmetric
Belongs to the SCF family.
Acts in the early stages of hematopoiesis.
A soluble form (sKITLG) is produced by proteolytic processing of isoform 1 in the extracellular domain. Found in two differentially glycosylated forms, LMW-SCF and HMW-SCF. LMW-SCF is fully N-glycosylated at Asn-145, partially N-glycosylated at Asn-90, O-glycosylated at Ser-167, Thr-168 and Thr-180, and not glycosylated at Asn-97 or Asn-118. HMW-SCF is N-glycosylated at Asn-118, Asn-90 and Asn-145, O-glycosylated at Ser-167, Thr-168 and Thr-180, and not glycosylated at Asn-97. A soluble form exists as a cleavage product of the extracellular domain.