FunctionMay play a role in intercellular signaling and in connecting cells with the extracellular matrix. May take part in the regulation of cell motility, growth and differentiation. Binds hyaluronic acid.
Tissue specificityCerebral white matter and plasma. Isoform V0 and isoform V1 are expressed in normal brain, gliomas, medulloblastomas, schwannomas, neurofibromas, and meningiomas. Isoform V2 is restricted to normal brain and gliomas. Isoform V3 is found in all these tissues except medulloblastomas.
Involvement in diseaseDefects in VCAN are the cause of Wagner syndrome type 1 (WGN1) [MIM:143200]. WGN is a dominantly inherited vitreoretinopathy characterized by an optically empty vitreous cavity with fibrillary condensations and a preretinal avascular membrane. Other optical features include progressive chorioretinal atrophy, perivascular sheating, subcapsular cataract and myopia. Systemic manifestations are absent in WGN.