The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use a concentration of 3 - 5 µg/ml. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
Use a concentration of 0.1 - 0.3 µg/ml. Detects a band of approximately 62 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 62 kDa).
FunctionRequired for the lysosomal degradation of heparan sulfate and dermatan sulfate.
Tissue specificityLiver, kidney, lung, and placenta.
Involvement in diseaseDefects in IDS are the cause of mucopolysaccharidosis type 2 (MPS2) [MIM:309900]; also known as Hunter syndrome. MPS2 is an X-linked lysosomal storage disease characterized by intracellular accumulation of heparan sulfate and dermatan sulfate and their excretion in urine. Most children with MPS2 have a severe form with early somatic abnormalities including skeletal deformities, hepatosplenomegaly, and progressive cardiopulmonary deterioration. A prominent feature is neurological damage that presents as developmental delay and hyperactivity but progresses to mental retardation and dementia. They die before 15 years of age, usually as a result of obstructive airway disease or cardiac failure. In contrast, those with a mild form of MPS2 may survive into adulthood, with attenuated somatic complications and often without mental retardation.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the sulfatase family.
Post-translational modificationsThe conversion to 3-oxoalanine (also known as C-formylglycine, FGly), of a serine or cysteine residue in prokaryotes and of a cysteine residue in eukaryotes, is critical for catalytic activity.