The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
1/100. Antigen Retrieval by boiling tissue section in EDTA buffer, pH 8.0 for 10 min followed by cooling at RT for 20 min is recommended.
Use at an assay dependent concentration. ab172730-Rabbit monoclonal IgG, is suitable for use as an isotype control with this antibody.
FunctionTranscription regulator of hematopoietic cell differentiation (PubMed:17934067). Binds gamma-satellite DNA (PubMed:17135265, PubMed:19141594). Plays a role in the development of lymphocytes, B- and T-cells. Binds and activates the enhancer (delta-A element) of the CD3-delta gene. Repressor of the TDT (fikzfterminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase) gene during thymocyte differentiation. Regulates transcription through association with both HDAC-dependent and HDAC-independent complexes. Targets the 2 chromatin-remodeling complexes, NuRD and BAF (SWI/SNF), in a single complex (PYR complex), to the beta-globin locus in adult erythrocytes. Increases normal apoptosis in adult erythroid cells. Confers early temporal competence to retinal progenitor cells (RPCs) (By similarity). Function is isoform-specific and is modulated by dominant-negative inactive isoforms (PubMed:17135265, PubMed:17934067).
Tissue specificityAbundantly expressed in thymus, spleen and peripheral blood Leukocytes and lymph nodes. Lower expression in bone marrow and small intestine.
Involvement in diseaseDefects in IKZF1 are frequent occurrences (28.6%) in acute lymphoblasic leukemia (ALL). Such alterations or deletions lead to poor prognosis for ALL. Chromosomal aberrations involving IKZF1 are a cause of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas (B-cell NHL). Translocation t(3;7)(q27;p12), with BCL6.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the Ikaros C2H2-type zinc-finger protein family. Contains 6 C2H2-type zinc fingers.
DomainThe N-terminal zinc-fingers 2 and 3 are required for DNA binding as well as for targeting IKFZ1 to pericentromeric heterochromatin. The C-terminal zinc-finger domain is required for dimerization.
Post-translational modificationsPhosphorylation controls cell-cycle progression from late G(1) stage to S stage. Hyperphosphorylated during G2/M phase. Dephosphorylated state during late G(1) phase. Phosphorylation on Thr-140 is required for DNA and pericentromeric location during mitosis. CK2 is the main kinase, in vitro. GSK3 and CDK may also contribute to phosphorylation of the C-terminal serine and threonine residues. Phosphorylation on these C-terminal residues reduces the DNA-binding ability. Phosphorylation/dephosphorylation events on Ser-13 and Ser-295 regulate TDT expression during thymocyte differentiation. Dephosphorylation by protein phosphatase 1 regulates stability and pericentromeric heterochromatin location. Phosphorylated in both lymphoid and non-lymphoid tissues (By similarity). Phosphorylation at Ser-361 and Ser-364 downstream of SYK induces nuclear translocation. Sumoylated. Simulataneous sumoylation on the 2 sites results in a loss of both HDAC-dependent and HDAC-independent repression. Has no effect on pericentromeric heterochromatin location. Desumoylated by SENP1. Polyubiquitinated.
Cellular localizationCytoplasm; Nucleus. In resting lymphocytes, distributed diffusely throughout the nucleus. Localizes to pericentromeric heterochromatin in proliferating cells. This localization requires DNA binding which is regulated by phosphorylation / dephosphorylation events and Nucleus. In resting lymphocytes, distributed diffusely throughout the nucleus. Localizes to pericentromeric heterochromatin in proliferating cells. This localization requires DNA binding which is regulated by phosphorylation / dephosphorylation events (By similarity).