The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use at an assay dependent concentration.
Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml. Predicted molecular weight: 31 kDa.
Use a concentration of 5 µg/ml. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
Cytokine that binds to and signals through the IL1RL1/ST2 receptor which in turn activates NF-kappa-B and MAPK signaling pathways in target cells (PubMed:16286016). Involved in the maturation of Th2 cells inducing the secretion of T-helper type 2-associated cytokines. Also involved in activation of mast cells, basophils, eosinophils and natural killer cells. Acts as a chemoattractant for Th2 cells, and may function as an "alarmin", that amplifies immune responses during tissue injury (PubMed:17853410, PubMed:18836528). In quiescent endothelia the uncleaved form is constitutively and abundantly expressed, and acts as a chromatin-associated nuclear factor with transcriptional repressor properties, it may sequester nuclear NF-kappaB/RELA, lowering expression of its targets (PubMed:21734074). This form is rapidely lost upon angiogenic or proinflammatory activation (PubMed:18787100).
Expressed at high level in high endothelial venules found in tonsils, Peyer patches and mesenteric lymph nodes. Almost undetectable in placenta.
Belongs to the IL-1 family. Highly divergent.
The homeodomain-like HTH domain mediates nuclear localization and heterochromatin association.
The full length protein can be released from cells and is able to signal via the IL1RL1/ST2 receptor. However, proteolytic processing by CSTG/cathepsin G and ELANE/neutrophil elastase produces C-terminal peptides that are more active than the unprocessed full length protein. May also be proteolytically processed by calpains (PubMed:19596270). Proteolytic cleavage mediated by apoptotic caspases including CASP3 and CASP7 results in IL33 inactivation (PubMed:19559631). In vitro proteolytic cleavage by CASP1 was reported (PubMed:16286016) but could not be confirmed in vivo (PubMed:19465481) suggesting that IL33 is probably not a direct substrate for that caspase.
Nucleus. Chromosome. Cytoplasmic vesicle, secretory vesicle. Secreted. Associates with heterochromatin and mitotic chromosomes (PubMed:17185418).
Human Uterus, Vessels (formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded) stained with IL33 antibody ab118503 at 5 µg/ml followed by biotinylated goat anti-rabbit IgG secondary antibody, alkaline phosphatase-streptavidin and chromogen.
Western blot - Anti-IL33 antibody (ab118503)
Lane 1 : Anti-IL33 antibody (ab118503) at 1 µg/ml Lane 2 : Anti-IL33 antibody (ab118503) at 2 µg/ml
Lane 1 : Human lymph node tissue lysate Lane 2 : Human lymph node tissue lysate
Chen M et al. Evaluation of Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Qingre-Qushi Recipe (QRQS) against Atopic Dermatitis: Potential Mechanism of Inhibition of IL-33/ST2 Signal Transduction. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med2017:2489842 (2017).
Read more (PubMed: 28751921) »
Sun L et al. Serum amyloid A induces interleukin-33 expression through an IRF7-dependent pathway. Eur J Immunol44:2153-64 (2014).
Read more (PubMed: 24777946) »