The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
1/1000 - 1/5000. Detects a band of approximately 170 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 132 kDa).
Is unsuitable for Flow Cyt,ICC/IF,IHC-P or IP.
May mediate the control of various cellular processes by insulin. When phosphorylated by the insulin receptor binds specifically to various cellular proteins containing SH2 domains such as phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase p85 subunit or GRB2. Activates phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase when bound to the regulatory p85 subunit.
Involvement in disease
Polymorphisms in IRS1 may be involved in the etiology of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) [MIM:125853].
Serine phosphorylation of IRS1 is a mechanism for insulin resistance. Ser-312 phosphorylation inhibits insulin action through disruption of IRS1 interaction with the insulin receptor. Phosphorylation of Tyr-896 is required for GRB2-binding.
He C et al. Helicobacter pylori Infection Aggravates Diet-induced Insulin Resistance in Association With Gut Microbiota of Mice. EBioMedicine12:247-254 (2016).
Read more (PubMed: 27743904) »
Liu Z et al. Adiponectin reduces ER stress-induced apoptosis through PPARa transcriptional regulation of ATF2 in mouse adipose. Cell Death Dis7:e2487 (2016).
Read more (PubMed: 27882945) »