JC-10 Mitochondrial Membrane Potential Assay Kit (Flow Cytometry) (ab112133) enables researchers to run JC-10 assay using flow cytometry, and it provides the most robust assay method for monitoring mitochondria membrane potential changes. This assay is based on the detection of the mitochondrial membrane potential changes in cells by the cationic, lipophilic JC-10 dye. In normal cells, JC-10 concentrates in the mitochondrial matrix where it forms red fluorescent aggregates. However, in apoptotic and necrotic cells, JC-10 diffuses out of mitochondria. It changes to monomeric form and stains cells in green fluorescence.
Although JC-1 is widely used in many labs, its poor water solubility causes great inconvenience. Even at 1 µM concentration, JC-1 tends to precipitate in aqueous buffer. JC-10 is developed to be a superior alternative to JC-1 when high dye concentration is desired. Compared to JC-1, JC-10 has much better water solubility. JC-10 is capable of selectively entering mitochondria, and reversibly changes its color from green to orange as membrane potentials increase. This property is due to the reversible formation of JC-10 aggregates upon membrane polarization that causes shifts in emitted light from 520 nm (i.e., emission of JC-10 monomeric form) to 570 nm (i.e., emission of J-aggregate form). When excited at 490 nm, the color of JC-10 changes reversibly from green to greenish orange as the mitochondrial membrane becomes more polarized.
In normal cells, JC-10 concentrates in the mitochondrial matrix where it forms red fluorescent aggregates. However, in apoptotic and necrotic cells, JC-10 exists in monomeric form and stains cells green. The green emission can be analyzed in fluorescence channel 1 (FL1) and greenish orange emission in channel 2 (FL2). Both colors can be detected using the filters commonly mounted in all flow cytometers. Besides its use in flow cytometry, it can also be used in fluorescence imaging and fluorescence microplate platform.
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If you would like to use JC-10 on a microplate reader, we recommend JC-10 Mitochondrial Membrane Potential Assay Kit (Microplate) (ab112134).
|200X JC-10 in DMSO||1 x 250µl|
|Assay Buffer A||1 x 50ml|
Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab112133 in the following tested applications.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|Flow Cyt||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
JC-10 Mitochondrial Membrane Potential Assay Kit (Flow Cytometry) (ab112133) was used to measure the effect of FCCP induced mitochondria membrane potential change in Jurkat cells by Flow Cytometry. Jurkat cells were dye loaded with JC-10 dye-loading solution along with DMSO (Top) or 5 µM FCCP (Low) for 10 minutes. The fluorescent intensities for both J-aggregates and monomeric forms of JC-10 were measured with a flow cytometer using FL1 and FL2 channels. Uncompensated data (left column) were compared with compensated data (right column).