The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
ICC: 1/50 - 1/200.
IHC-P: 1/50 - 1/200. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections require antigen retrieval by boiling tissue in 10 mM citrate pH 6.0 for 10-20 minutes, followed by cooling at RT for 15-20 minutes.
IHC-Fr: 1/50 - 1/200.
Using streptavidin-Biotin system or polymer system.
Not yet tested in other applications.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Immunoglobulins belong to a group of related glyco proteins which make up 20% of serum proteins. Antigens and immunoglobulins react to confer immunity to individuals. Immunoglobulins have similar structures of two identical heavy chains and two identical light chains. Both the heavy chains and the light chains are divided into constant and variable regions. The constant regions have the same amino acid sequences between all the immunoglobulin classes. The variable regions have approximately 110 amino acids with high sequence variability. The amino acid sequence of the heavy chain determines the class of an immunoglobulin. The five types of immunoglobulin heavy chains are known as: IgG, IgA, IgM, IgD, and IgE. IgG is divided into four subclasses, and IgA is divided into two subclasses. In serum IgA and IgG are monomers with a single 4 polypeptide unit; while, IgM is a pen tamer. IgA may also form polymers.
Kappa light chain antibody can be used for the identification of leukemias, plasmacytomas and certain non Hodgkin's lymphomas. Kappa light chain contains one immunoglobulin like domain. The EU sequence has the INV allotypic marker, Ala 45 and Val 83. The ROY sequence has the INV allotypic marker, Ala 45 and Leu 83.
Wege AK et al. Co-transplantation of human hematopoietic stem cells and human breast cancer cells in NSG mice: a novel approach to generate tumor cell specific human antibodies. MAbs6:968-77 (0).
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