Autophagy factor required for autophagosome formation. Target of the TOR kinase signaling pathway that regulates autophagy through the control of the phosphorylation status of ATG13 and ULK1, and the regulation of the ATG13-ULK1-RB1CC1 complex.
Belongs to the ATG13 metazoan family.
Phosphorylated by ULK1 and ULK2. Phosphorylation status depends on nutrient-rich conditions; dephosphorylated during starvation or following treatment with rapamycin.
Cytoplasm > cytosol. Preautophagosomal structure. Under starvation conditions, is localized to puncate structures primarily representing the isolation membrane and the isolation membrane sequesters a portion of the cytoplasm resulting in autophagosome formation.