FunctionPromotes a prolonged MAP-kinase signaling by neurotrophins through activation of a Rap1-dependent mechanism. Provides a docking site for the CRKL-C3G complex, resulting in Rap1-dependent sustained ERK activation. May play an important role in regulating postsynaptic signal transduction through the syntrophin-mediated localization of receptor tyrosine kinases such as EPHA4. In cooperation with SNTA1 can enhance EPHA4-induced JAK/STAT activation. May play a role in neurotrophin- and ephrin-mediated neuronal outgrowth and in axon guidance during neural development and in neuronal regeneration (By similarity). Modulates stress-induced apoptosis of melanoma cells via regulation of the MEK/ERK signaling pathway.
Tissue specificityAbundant in developing and adult neural tissues as well as neuroendocrine cells and dendritic cells. Overexpressed in melanoma and melanoma cell lines.
Sequence similaritiesContains 12 ANK repeats. Contains 1 KAP NTPase domain.
DomainThe transmembrane domain mediates interaction with NTRK1.
Post-translational modificationsTyrosine phosphorylated by NTRK1, NTRK2, EPHB2 and EPHA4. Phosphorylation at Ser-918 is induced by phorbol ester treatment. Phosphorylation by NTRK2 is induced by brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-4/5. Phosphorylation by NTRK1 is induced by nerve growth factor (NGF).