Promotes a prolonged MAP-kinase signaling by neurotrophins through activation of a Rap1-dependent mechanism. Provides a docking site for the CRKL-C3G complex, resulting in Rap1-dependent sustained ERK activation. May play an important role in regulating postsynaptic signal transduction through the syntrophin-mediated localization of receptor tyrosine kinases such as EPHA4. In cooperation with SNTA1 can enhance EPHA4-induced JAK/STAT activation. May play a role in neurotrophin- and ephrin-mediated neuronal outgrowth and in axon guidance during neural development and in neuronal regeneration (By similarity). Modulates stress-induced apoptosis of melanoma cells via regulation of the MEK/ERK signaling pathway.
Abundant in developing and adult neural tissues as well as neuroendocrine cells and dendritic cells. Overexpressed in melanoma and melanoma cell lines.
Contains 12 ANK repeats. Contains 1 KAP NTPase domain.
The transmembrane domain mediates interaction with NTRK1.
Tyrosine phosphorylated by NTRK1, NTRK2, EPHB2 and EPHA4. Phosphorylation at Ser-918 is induced by phorbol ester treatment. Phosphorylation by NTRK2 is induced by brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-4/5. Phosphorylation by NTRK1 is induced by nerve growth factor (NGF).
ICC/IF image of ab34790 stained PC12 cells. The cells were 100% methanol fixed (5 min) and then incubated in 1%BSA / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h to permeabilise the cells and block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The cells were then incubated with the antibody (ab34790, 1µg/ml) overnight at +4°C. The secondary antibody (green) was Alexa Fluor® 488 goat anti-rabbit IgG (H+L) used at a 1/1000 dilution for 1h. Alexa Fluor® 594 WGA was used to label plasma membranes (red) at a 1/200 dilution for 1h. DAPI was used to stain the cell nuclei (blue) at a concentration of 1.43µM.