FunctionProtein-lysine N-methyltransferase that monomethylates both histones and non-histone proteins. Specifically monomethylates 'Lys-20' of histone H4 (H4K20me1). H4K20me1 is enriched during mitosis and represents a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional repression. Mainly functions in euchromatin regions, thereby playing a central role in the silencing of euchromatic genes. Required for cell proliferation, probably by contributing to the maintenance of proper higher order structure of DNA during mitosis. Involved in chromosome condensation and proper cytokinesis. Nucleosomes are preferred as substrate compared to free histones. Mediates monomethylation of p53/TP53 at 'Lys-382', leading to repress p53/TP53-target genes.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the histone-lysine methyltransferase family. PR/SET subfamily. Contains 1 SET domain.
Developmental stageNot detected during G1 phase. First detected during S through G2 phases, and peaks during mitosis (at protein level).
DomainAlthough the SET domain contains the active site of enzymatic activity, both sequences upstream and downstream of the SET domain are required for methyltransferase activity.
Cellular localizationNucleus. Chromosome. Specifically localizes to mitotic chromosomes. Associates with silent chromatin on euchromatic arms. Not associated with constitutive heterochromatin.