Tissue specificityWidely expressed. Highly expressed in brain, testis and muscle. Expressed to a lower extent in lymphocytes, fibroblasts, keratinocytes, placenta, bladder, small intestine, liver and bone marrow.
Involvement in diseaseDefects in L2HGDH are the cause of L-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria (L2HGA) [MIM:236792]. L2HGA is a rare autosomal recessive disorder clinically characterized by mild psychomotor delay in the first years of life, followed by progressive cerebellar ataxia, dysarthria and moderate to severe mental retardation. Diagnosis is based on the presence of an excess of L-2-hydroxyglutaric acid in urine, blood and cerebrospinal fluid.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the L2HGDH family.