The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
1/50 - 1/100. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
FunctionNegative regulator of YAP1 in the Hippo signaling pathway that plays a pivotal role in organ size control and tumor suppression by restricting proliferation and promoting apoptosis. The core of this pathway is composed of a kinase cascade wherein STK3/MST2 and STK4/MST1, in complex with its regulatory protein SAV1, phosphorylates and activates LATS1/2 in complex with its regulatory protein MOB1, which in turn phosphorylates and inactivates YAP1 oncoprotein and WWTR1/TAZ. Phosphorylation of YAP1 by LATS1 inhibits its translocation into the nucleus to regulate cellular genes important for cell proliferation, cell death, and cell migration. Acts as a tumor suppressor which plays a critical role in maintenance of ploidy through its actions in both mitotic progression and the G1 tetraploidy checkpoint. Negatively regulates G2/M transition by down-regulating CDK1 kinase activity. Involved in the control of p53 expression. Affects cytokinesis by regulating actin polymerization through negative modulation of LIMK1. May also play a role in endocrine function.
Tissue specificityExpressed in all adult tissues examined except for lung and kidney.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the protein kinase superfamily. AGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family. Contains 1 AGC-kinase C-terminal domain. Contains 1 protein kinase domain. Contains 1 UBA domain.
Post-translational modificationsAutophosphorylated and phosphorylated during M-phase of the cell cycle. Phosphorylated by STK3/MST2 at Ser-909 and Thr-1079, which results in its activation. Phosphorylation at Ser-464 by NUAK1 and NUAK2 leads to decreased protein level and is required to regulate cellular senescence and cellular ploidy.
Cellular localizationCytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome. Localizes to the centrosomes throughout interphase but migrates to the mitotic apparatus, including spindle pole bodies, mitotic spindle, and midbody, during mitosis.