Probable role in regulating transcription of specific genes. May regulate through NFKB1 the expression of the CCL2/MCP-1 chemokine. May play a role in tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) gene expression.
Ubiquitously and abundantly expressed. Expressed predominantly in the placenta, peripheral blood leukocytes, lymph nodes and spleen.
Involvement in disease
Defects in LITAF are the cause of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1C (CMT1C) [MIM:601098]. CMT1C is a form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, the most common inherited disorder of the peripheral nervous system. Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is classified in two main groups on the basis of electrophysiologic properties and histopathology: primary peripheral demyelinating neuropathy or CMT1, and primary peripheral axonal neuropathy or CMT2. Neuropathies of the CMT1 group are characterized by severely reduced nerve conduction velocities (less than 38 m/sec), segmental demyelination and remyelination with onion bulb formations on nerve biopsy, slowly progressive distal muscle atrophy and weakness, absent deep tendon reflexes, and hollow feet. Note=Defects in LITAF may be involved in extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) carcinogenesis. EMPD is a cancerous disease representing about 8% of all malignant skin cancers; it usually appears in the anogenital area and can be fatal by metastasizing to internal organs when left untreated for a long time. The clinical features are usually those of eczematous eruptions with weeping and crust formation.
The WW-binding motif mediates interaction with WWOX and, probably NEDD4.
Lysosome membrane. Associated with membranes of lysosomes.