• Product name
    Luminescent ATP Detection Assay Kit
    See all ATP kits
  • Detection method
  • Assay type
  • Assay time
    0h 30m
  • Assay duration
    Multiple steps standard assay
  • Product overview

    Luminescent ATP Detection Assay Kit (ab113849) irreversibly inactivates ATP degrading enzymes (ATPases) during the lysis step, ensuring that the luminescent signal obtained truly corresponds to the endogenous levels of ATP. 




  • Notes

    Total levels of cellular ATP can be used to assess cell viability, cell proliferation and cytotoxicity of a wide range of compounds and biological response modifiers.

  • Tested applications
    Suitable for: Functional Studiesmore details
  • Platform



Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab113849 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Application Abreviews Notes
Functional Studies Use at an assay dependent concentration.


  • The ATP standard curve was prepared as described in the protocol. Background-subtracted data values (mean +/- SD) are graphed.

  • ab113849 ATP detection kit cytotoxicity data. 25000 HepG2 cells were seeded into each well, allowed to adhere and treated for 4 hours with 25µM rotenone and vehicle control (DMSO) in glucose based complete media. After treatment, cells were lysed, exposed to the ATP substrate solution and signal was measured on a luminescent counter. Mean and standard deviation is plotted for 3 replicates from each condition. Rotenone induces cytotoxicity in HepG2 cells.
  • Cellular Energy Flux for HepG2 cells (seeded at 65,000 per well), treated with a combination of drug compounds modulating the ETC (Antimycin A [1 µM] and FCCP [2.5 µM]), shown as a percentage relative to untreated control cells. Comparative measurements were taken with Extracellular Oxygen Consumption Assay (ab197243) (white column) and Glycolysis Assay [Extracellular acidification] (ab197244) (black column) show the shift between mitochondrial respiration and glycolysis and the cellular control of energy (ATP; measured 1h post-treatment using Luminescent ATP Detection Assay kit (ab113849) (striped column)).



This product has been referenced in:
  • Mittal S  et al. Impaired lysosomal activity mediated autophagic flux disruption by graphite carbon nanofibers induce apoptosis in human lung epithelial cells through oxidative stress and energetic impairment. Part Fibre Toxicol 14:15 (2017). Functional Studies . Read more (PubMed: 28454554) »
  • Zhou X  et al. 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D inhibits glutamine metabolism in Harvey-ras transformed MCF10A human breast epithelial cell. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 163:147-56 (2016). Read more (PubMed: 27154413) »

See all 8 Publications for this product

Customer reviews and Q&As

Extracellular detection of ATP (ab113849)

Excellent Excellent 5/5 (Ease of Use)
We have analyzed the release of ATP by connexin hemichannels in stem cells using the ATP luminescence kit (ab113849).

Cells were cultured in HBSS to induce hemichannel opening. Calcium and GAP-inhibitor were used to trigger hemichannel closure.
After two hours the supernatant was collected and ATP was measured according to the protocol (we also applied the detergent).

As expected calcium treatment and inhibition by GAP decreased ATP concentration, compared to HBSS control. Graph shows data of three independent experiments.

In summary, we can recommend the ATP luminescence kit (ab113849) for measuring extracellular ATP concentrations.

Heiko Lemcke

Verified customer

Submitted Jul 31 2017

Measurement of extracellular ATP levels

Good Excellent 5/5 (Ease of Use)
I enrolled to an Abcam trial to check the suitability of this ATP luminescence kit (ab113849) to detect extracellular ATP levels in cancer cells.

I personally recommend this kit to measure extracellular ATP levels for its ease of use and for the kindly attention and help I received from the Abcam scientific support specialists. When measuring extracellular ATP levels, it is important to avoid light exposure as much as possible and measure the supernatant without FBS and without phenol-red.

Brief description of the protocol:
I seeded 50.000 murine breast-to-brain cancer cells in duplicates or triplicates in 96-well-plate. Once they are attached I starve them in FBS-free and phenol red-free media.

24 hours after starving I collected the supernatant (100 ul) and transfer it to a white opaque plate. There I followed the protocol proposed in the booklet with only one difference: I do not use detergent.

Using the same conditions (cell line, passage, starving time and machine) I repeated 3 times with the same cancer cell line and the results I got are 12,89 nM ATP, 12,30 nM ATP and 7,3 nM ATP.

Regarding the conditions I use, I repeated this procedure several times and I chose this condition (24-hours starvation in phenol red-free and serum-free media) because if I starve them for less hours the luminescence units I get from my samples are super low. If I starve them with HBBS overnight the cells look ugly the following day. Moreover I also tried to add detergent in the media but then the RLU I got were more variable in the same biological replicate. There is also higher variability of RLU if I use media with FBS. I did not try to use media with phenol red because I know it interferes with the luminescence readout. To sum up, I got less variability when I starve them for 24 hours with DMEM without FBS and without phenol red.

Lisa Sevenich

Verified customer

Submitted Jul 07 2017

We haven’t addressed this question experimentally with the reagents.  The answer is probably.  The lysis reagent is denaturing so bound ATP may be made available to the luciferase. This would be difficult to be definitive and different ATP binding prot...

Read More

In theory it should work, but we don’t know for sure as we have not tested it. Therefore, if you are willing to test and publish the data in the form of review on our website then I would like to invite you to our Abtrial programme.

Thank you for your enquiry.

Luminescence does not have multiple wavelengths. In Luminescence mode, the instrument simply measures the emission of visible light from the well. What is key in the measurement is the PMT (photomultiplier time). Th...

Read More

Thank you for contacting us.

The cells do not need to rest or adhere for this assay, you can measure right away.

Any anionic detergent will inhibit the luciferase reaction. What is interesting is that non-ionic detergents have the opposite effect and can in fact enhance the luminescent signal. The following detergents used between 0.5 and 1.5% can enhance the sig...

Read More

SDS is a very strong inhibitor of the luciferase reaction. The lowest possible concentration will likely be below 0.05%. We suggest the customer running a standard ATP curve with and w/o SDS to determine empirically the effect.


Read More

The mammalian cell lysis solution contains 0.1M of alkaline solution. I don't think it will be compatible with protein quantification. Indeed, changes in ATP may be due to unevenness in seeding or low viability. Using multiple replicates per each dat...

Read More

I contacted the laboratory to have more information about the standardization of the results obtained with the ab113849 but unfortunately the lab does not have this kind of information. I am very sorry for this inconvenience.

However, fro...

Read More

1-10 of 32 Abreviews or Q&A


Sign up