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MitoTox™ Complex I OXPHOS Activity Assay (ab109903) is designed for testing the direct inhibitory effect of compounds on Complex I activity in only 5 hours. Complex I extracted from the provided bovine heart mitochondria (a rich source of Complex I) is immunocaptured by specific antibodies on the plate. Complex I activity can be observed as decrease in absorbance at OD 340 nm. The intra-assay and inter-assay variation of this assay are both < 10%.
Inhibitory effects of compounds on Complex I activity can be tested in two different ways: 1. Screening format, where up to 23 compounds can be tested at a single concentration in triplicate; 2. Dose response (IC50) format, where two compounds known to affect Complex I activity can be tested at 11 different data points in triplicate.
Testing for mitochondrial function has become a key aspect of drug discovery. Mitochondria can be affected by drug treatment, resulting into cardio- and hepatotoxic side effects that can lead to drug withdrawal from the market. Therefore, there is increasing emphasis on testing the impact on mitochondria early on in the drug development process to reduce failure rates during preclinical and clinical phases.
Store Phospholipids, Bovine heart mitochondria, Ubiquinone and Activity Buffer at -80°C. Store all other components at 4°C.
|12-channel reagent reservoirs||2 units|
|1X Mito Buffer||1 x 5ml|
|20X Wash Buffer||1 x 5ml|
|96-well microplate||1 unit|
|Bovine heart mitochondria||1 x 360µl|
|Complex I Activity Buffer||1 x 24ml|
|Detergent||1 x 100µl|
|Phospholipid||1 x 6ml|
|Ubiquinone 1||1 x 60µl|
Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab109903 in the following tested applications.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|Functional Studies||Use at an assay dependent dilution.|
Typical dose response curve for rotenone. Assay was performed following the Dose Response Assay Procedure using rotenone, a well known Complex I inhibitor. Rotenone was prepared in DMSO to generate a 10 mM stock. Starting with a 50 µM final concentration in well, 1:10 serial dilutions of rotenone were generated.
Please note: All products are "FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY AND ARE NOT INTENDED FOR DIAGNOSTIC OR THERAPEUTIC USE"