Abcam MMP9 Inhibitor Screening Assay Kit (Fluorometric) (ab139449) is a complete assay system designed to screen MMP9 inhibitors using a quenched fluorogenic peptide: MMP Fluorogenic Substrate Mca-Pro-Leu-Gly-Leu-Dpa-Ala-Arg-NH2 [Mca=(7-methoxycoumarin-4-yl)-acetyl; Dpa=N-3-(2,4-dinitrophenyl)-L-α-β-diaminopropionyl]. Mca fluorescence is quenched by the Dpa group until cleavage by MMPs at the Gly-Leu bond separates the two moieties. The assays are performed in a convenient 96-well microplate format.
This kit is useful to screen inhibitors of MMP9, a potential therapeutic target. The MMP inhibitor NNGH is also included as a prototypic control inhibitor.
May play an essential role in local proteolysis of the extracellular matrix and in leukocyte migration. Could play a role in bone osteoclastic resorption. Cleaves KiSS1 at a Gly- -Leu bond. Cleaves type IV and type V collagen into large C-terminal three quarter fragments and shorter N-terminal one quarter fragments. Degrades fibronectin but not laminin or Pz-peptide.
Produced by normal alveolar macrophages and granulocytes.
Involvement in disease
Defects in MMP9 may be a cause of susceptibility to intervertebral disc disease (IDD) [MIM:603932]; also known as lumbar disk herniation (LDH). IDD is one of the most common musculo-skeletal disorders and the predominant cause of low-back pain and unilateral leg pain. Defects in MMP9 are the cause of metaphyseal anadysplasia type 2 (MANDP2) [MIM:613073]. Metaphyseal anadysplasia consists of an abnormal bone development characterized by severe skeletal changes that, in contrast with the progressive course of most other skeletal dysplasias, resolve spontaneously with age. Clinical characteristics are evident from the first months of life and include slight shortness of stature and a mild varus deformity of the legs. Patients attain a normal stature in adolescence and show improvement or complete resolution of varus deformity of the legs and rhizomelic micromelia.
Belongs to the peptidase M10A family. Contains 3 fibronectin type-II domains. Contains 4 hemopexin-like domains.
The conserved cysteine present in the cysteine-switch motif binds the catalytic zinc ion, thus inhibiting the enzyme. The dissociation of the cysteine from the zinc ion upon the activation-peptide release activates the enzyme.
Processing of the precursor yields different active forms of 64, 67 and 82 kDa. Sequentially processing by MMP3 yields the 82 kDa matrix metalloproteinase-9. N- and O-glycosylated.
Secreted > extracellular space > extracellular matrix.