The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
- First try to dissolve a small amount of peptide in either water or buffer. The more charged residues on a peptide, the more soluble it is in aqueous solutions. - If the peptide doesn’t dissolve try an organic solvent e.g. DMSO, then dilute using water or buffer. - Consider that any solvent used must be compatible with your assay. If a peptide does not dissolve and you need to recover it, lyophilise to remove the solvent. - Gentle warming and sonication can effectively aid peptide solubilisation. If the solution is cloudy or has gelled the peptide may be in suspension rather than solubilised. - Peptides containing cysteine are easily oxidised, so should be prepared in solution just prior to use.
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Preparation and Storage
Stability and Storage
Shipped at 4°C. Upon delivery aliquot and store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid repeated freeze / thaw cycles.
Information available upon request.
Axin like protein
Axis inhibition protein 2
FunctionInhibitor of the Wnt signaling pathway. Down-regulates beta-catenin. Probably facilitate the phosphorylation of beta-catenin and APC by GSK3B.
Tissue specificityExpressed in brain and lymphoblast.
Involvement in diseaseDefects in AXIN2 are involved in colorectal cancer (CRC) [MIM:114500]. They appear to be specifically associated with defective mismatch repair. Defects in AXIN2 are the cause of oligodontia-colorectal cancer syndrome (ODCRCS) [MIM:608615]. Affected individuals manifest severe tooth agenesis and colorectal cancer or precancerous lesions of variable types.
DomainThe tankyrase-binding motif (also named TBD) is required for interaction with tankyrase TNKS and TNKS2.
Post-translational modificationsProbably phosphorylated by GSK3B and dephosphorylated by PP2A. ADP-ribosylated by tankyrase TNKS and TNKS2. Poly-ADP-ribosylated protein is recognized by RNF146, followed by ubiquitination and subsequent activation of the Wnt signaling pathway. Ubiquitinated by RNF146 when poly-ADP-ribosylated, leading to its degradation and subsequent activation of the Wnt signaling pathway. Deubiquitinated by USP34, deubiquitinated downstream of beta-catenin stabilization step: deubiquitination is important Wnt signaling to positively regulate beta-catenin (CTNBB1)-mediated transcription.