FunctionSerine/threonine-protein kinase that acts on both serine and threonine residues and promotes apoptosis in response to stress stimuli and caspase activation. Mediates oxidative-stress-induced cell death by modulating phosphorylation of JNK1-JNK2 (MAPK8 and MAPK9), p38 (MAPK11, MAPK12, MAPK13 and MAPK14) during oxidative stress. Plays a role in a staurosporine-induced caspase-independent apoptotic pathway by regulating the nuclear translocation of AIFM1 and ENDOG and the DNase activity associated with ENDOG. Phosphorylates STK38L on 'Thr-442' and stimulates its kinase activity. Regulates cellular migration with alteration of PTPN12 activity and PXN phosphorylation: phosphorylates PTPN12 and inhibits its activity and may regulate PXN phosphorylation through PTPN12. May act as a key regulator of axon regeneration in the optic nerve and radial nerve.
Tissue specificityIsoform A is ubiquitous. Isoform B is expressed in brain with high expression in hippocampus and cerebral cortex.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the protein kinase superfamily. STE Ser/Thr protein kinase family. STE20 subfamily. Contains 1 protein kinase domain.
Post-translational modificationsProteolytically processed by caspases during apoptosis. Proteolytic cleavage results in kinase activation, nuclear translocation of the truncated form (MST3/N) and the induction of apoptosis. Isoform B is activated by phosphorylation by PKA. Oxidative stress induces phosphorylation. Activated by autophosphorylation at Thr-190 and phosphorylation at this site is essential for its function. Manganese, magnesium and cobalt-dependent autophosphorylation is mainly on threonine residues while zinc-dependent autophosphorylation is on both serine and threonine residues.
Cellular localizationCytoplasm. Nucleus. Membrane. The truncated form (MST3/N) translocates to the nucleus. Co-localizes with STK38L in the membrane.