FunctionTranscriptional factor that uses the canonical single or multiple CArG boxes DNA sequence. Binds CArG boxes only in the presence of serum response factor (SRF). Acts as a cofactor of SRF and modulates SRF-target genes. Regulates the expression of a set of cardiac and smooth muscle-specific genes. Plays a crucial role in cardiogenesis and differentiation of the smooth muscle cell lineage.
Tissue specificityExpressed in heart, aorta, and in smooth muscle cell-containing tissues: stomach, bladder, small intestine, colon, lung, placenta and uterus. Very faint expression in prostate and skeletal muscle.
Sequence similaritiesContains 3 RPEL repeats. Contains 1 SAP domain.
DomainThe C-terminal region contains a general transcription activation domain. The N-terminal region, comprising a basic and a Gln-rich domain, confers transcriptional potency and specificity by mediating association with the MADS box of SRF. The basic domain may be required for nuclear localization. The SAP domain is important for transactivation and ternary complex formation.