The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml. Predicted molecular weight: 155 kDa. Good results were obtained when blocked with 5% non-fat dry milk in 0.05% PBS-T.
Able to form cytoplasmic structures termed death effector filaments. Enhances APAF1 and cytochrome c-dependent activation of pro-caspase-9 and consecutive apoptosis. Stimulates apoptosis through activation of caspase-3. Involved in activation of caspase-1 and caspase-5 as part of the NALP1 inflammasome complex which leads to processing and release of IL1B and IL18. Binds ATP.
Widely expressed. Isoform 1 and isoform 2 are expressed in peripheral blood leukocytes and chronic myelogenous leukemia cell line K-562, followed by thymus, spleen and heart. Also detected in brain, lung, placenta, small intestine, colon, kidney, liver, muscle, testis and epithelial cells. Absent from hematopoietic progenitor cells but expressed upon differentiation of cells into granulocytes and, to a lesser extent, monocytes. In peripheral blood cells, highest levels are found in T-lymphocytes, granulocytes and monocytes. Expression is significantly increased in bone marrow blast cells of some acute leukemia patients but not in solid tumors.
Involvement in disease
Genetic variations in NLRP1 are associated with susceptibility to vitiligo (VTLG) [MIM:193200]. VTLG is a pigmentary disorder of the skin characterized by circumscribed depigmented macules and patches, commonly on extensor aspects of extremities, on the face or neck and in skin folds. It is a progressive disorder in which some or all of the melanocytes in the affected skin are selectively destroyed. It is a multifactorial disorder with a complex etiology probably including autoimmune mechanisms, and is associated with an elevated risk of other autoimmune diseases. Genetic variations in NLRP1 gene are associated with susceptibility to vitiligo-associated multiple autoimmune disease type 1 (VAMAS1) [MIM:606579]. VAMAS1 is an autoimmune disorder characterized by the association of vitiligo with several autoimmune and autoinflammatory diseases including autoimmune thyroid disease, rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus.
IHC image of NAPL1 staining in human cerebral cortex formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue section, performed on a Leica Bond system using the standard protocol F. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with sodium citrate buffer (pH6, epitope retrieval solution 1) for 20 mins. The section was then incubated with ab98181, 1µg/ml, for 15 mins at room temperature and detected using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. The section was then counterstained with haematoxylin and mounted with DPX.
For other IHC staining systems (automated and non-automated) customers should optimize variable parameters such as antigen retrieval conditions, primary antibody concentration and antibody incubation times.
Western blot - Anti-NALP1 antibody (ab98181)
Anti-NALP1 antibody (ab98181) at 1 µg/ml (in 5% skim milk / PBS buffer) + NCI-H226 cell lysate at 10 µg
Secondary HRP conjugated anti-Rabbit IgG at 1/50000 dilution
Liu S et al. Curcumin ameliorates neuropathic pain by down-regulating spinal IL-1ß via suppressing astroglial NALP1 inflammasome and JAK2-STAT3 signalling. Sci Rep6:28956 (2016).
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