The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use a concentration of 1 - 2 µg/ml. Detects a band of approximately 19 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 19 kDa).Can be blocked with Nanos3 peptide (ab176129).
Use a concentration of 2.5 µg/ml.
Use a concentration of 5 µg/ml.
FunctionPlays a role in the maintenance of the undifferentiated state of germ cells regulating the spermatogonia cell cycle and inducing a prolonged transit in G1 phase. Affects cell proliferation probably by repressing translation of specific mRNAs. Maintains the germ cell lineage by suppressing both Bax-dependent and -independent apoptotic pathways. Essential in the early stage embryo to protect the migrating primordial germ cells (PGCs) from apoptosis.
Tissue specificityOvary, testis and brain (at protein level). In the ovaries, expressed during multiple stages of oogenesis, including primordial, primary, secondary and antral follicles with the highest expression in the oocytes. In the testis, expressed in germ cells, type A spermatogonia (SA), primary spermatocytes (S1), round spermatids (S3) and elongated spermatids.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the nanos family. Contains 1 nanos-type zinc finger.
Developmental stageFetal ovary and fetal testis (at protein level).
DomainThe Nanos-type zinc finger is composed of two C2HC motifs, each motif binding one molecule of zinc. It is essential for the translation repression activity of the protein.
Cellular localizationNucleus. Cytoplasm. Cytoplasmic granule. Cytoplasm > P-body. The cytoplasmic granules are stress granules which are a dense aggregation in the cytosol composed of proteins and RNAs that appear when the cell is under stress. Co-localizes with PUM2, EIF2S1 and TIAL1 in the stress granules. Co-localizes with DCP1A in the P-body.
ICC/IF image of ab70001 stained PC12 cells. The cells were 100% methanol fixed (5 min) and then incubated in 1%BSA / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h to permeabilise the cells and block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The cells were then incubated with the antibody (ab70001, 5µg/ml) overnight at +4°C. The secondary antibody (green) was ab96899 Dylight 488 goat anti-rabbit IgG (H+L) used at a 1/250 dilution for 1h. Alexa Fluor® 594 WGA was used to label plasma membranes (red) at a 1/200 dilution for 1h. DAPI was used to stain the cell nuclei (blue) at a concentration of 1.43µM.