Abcam's Neuraminidase Activity Assay Kit (Fluorometric) (ab185436) provides a simple and sensitive method for measuring neuraminidase (NA) activity using fluorescence (Ex/Em = 530/590 nm). The assay utilizes NA Probe to detect the neuraminidase activity. This high-throughput adaptable assay kit can detect NA activity as low as 2.0 mU/mL in a variety of samples.
Neuraminidase (NA) is a very common enzyme that hydrolyzes terminal sialic acid residues on polysaccharide chains; most often a galactose residue. NA activity plays a key role in the invasion of target cells and the replication of influenza virus. NA activity also assists in the elution of progeny viruses from infected cells, and prevents self-aggregation of virus. Thus, NA is an important target for drug development.
Catalyzes the removal of sialic acid (N-acetylneuramic acid) moities from glycoproteins and glycolipids. To be active, it is strictly dependent on its presence in the multienzyme complex. Appears to have a preference for alpha 2-3 and alpha 2-6 sialyl linkage.
Highly expressed in pancreas, followed by skeletal muscle, kidney, placenta, heart, lung and liver. Weakly expressed in brain.
Involvement in disease
Defects in NEU1 are the cause of sialidosis (SIALIDOSIS) [MIM:256550]. It is a lysosomal storage disease occurring as two types with various manifestations. Type 1 sialidosis (cherry red spot-myoclonus syndrome or normosomatic type) is late-onset and it is characterized by the formation of cherry red macular spots in childhood, progressive debilitating myoclonus, insiduous visual loss and rarely ataxia. The diagnosis can be confirmed by the screening of the urine for sialyloligosaccharides. Type 2 sialidosis (also known as dysmorphic type) occurs as several variants of increasing severity with earlier age of onset. It is characterized by the presence of abnormal somatic features including coarse facies and dysostosis multiplex, vertebral deformities, mental retardation, cherry-red spot/myoclonus, sialuria, cytoplasmic vacuolation of peripheral lymphocytes, bone marrow cells and conjunctival epithelial cells.
Belongs to the glycosyl hydrolase 33 family. Contains 4 BNR repeats.
A C-terminal internalization signal (YGTL) appears to allow the targeting of plasma membrane proteins to endosomes.
N-glycosylated. Phosphorylation of tyrosine within the internalization signal results in inhibition of sialidase internalization and blockage on the plasma membrane.
Lysosome membrane. Lysosome lumen. Cell membrane. Cytoplasmic vesicle. Localized not only on the inner side of the lysosomal membrane and in the lysosomal lumen, but also on the plasma membrane and in intracellular vesicles.