The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use a concentration of 1 - 4 µg/ml.
Recommend PFA Fixation and Triton X-100 treatment
1/20 - 1/50. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
FunctionActs as a Mg(2+) transporter. Can also transport other divalent cations such as Fe(2+), Sr(2+), Ba(2+), Mn(2+) and Co(2+) but to a much less extent than Mg(2+).
Tissue specificityWidely expressed with highest levels in neuronal tissues.
Involvement in diseaseDefects in NIPA1 are the cause of spastic paraplegia autosomal dominant type 6 (SPG6) [MIM:600363]. Spastic paraplegia is a degenerative spinal cord disorder characterized by a slow, gradual, progressive weakness and spasticity of the lower limbs.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the NIPA family.
Cellular localizationCell membrane. Early endosome. Recruited to the cell membrane in response to low extracellular magnesium.