The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use a concentration of 3.75 µg/ml. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
Essential for mesoderm formation and axial patterning during embryonic development.
Involvement in disease
Defects in NODAL are the cause of visceral heterotaxy autosomal type 5 (HTX5) [MIM:270100]. A form of visceral heterotaxy, a complex disorder due to disruption of the normal left-right asymmetry of the thoracoabdominal organs. It results in an abnormal arrangement of visceral organs, and a wide variety of congenital defects. Clinical features of visceral heterotaxy autosomal type 5 include situs inversus viscerum or situs ambiguus, congenital heart defect, transposition of the great vessels ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, truncuscommunis, and dextrocardia.