The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
1/1000 - 1/10000. Detects a band of approximately 84 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 76 kDa).
1/50 - 1/100. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
1/100 - 1/250.
Application notesIs unsuitable for Flow Cyt or IP.
FunctionComponent of the THO subcomplex of the TREX complex. The TREX complex specifically associates with spliced mRNA and not with unspliced pre-mRNA. It is recruited to spliced mRNAs by a transcription-independent mechanism. Binds to mRNA upstream of the exon-junction complex (EJC) and is recruited in a splicing- and cap-dependent manner to a region near the 5' end of the mRNA where it functions in mRNA export. The recruitment occurs via an interaction between THOC4 and the cap-binding protein NCBP1. DDX39B functions as a bridge between THOC4 and the THO complex. The TREX complex is essential for the export of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) intronless mRNAs and infectious virus production. The recruitment of the TREX complex to the intronless viral mRNA occurs via an interaction between KSHV ORF57 protein and THOC4. Regulates transcriptional elongation of a subset of genes. Participates in an apoptotic pathway which is characterized by activation of caspase-6, increases in the expression of BAK1 and BCL2L1 and activation of NF-kappa-B. This pathway does not require p53/TP53, nor does the presence of p53/TP53 affect the efficiency of cell killing. Activates a G2/M cell cycle checkpoint prior to the onset of apoptosis. Apoptosis is inhibited by association with RB1.
Tissue specificityUbiquitous. Expressed in various cancer cell lines. Expressed at very low levels in normal breast epithelial cells and highly expressed in breast tumors. Expression is strongly associated with an aggressive phenotype of breast tumors and expression correlates with tumor size and the metastatic state of the tumor progression.
Sequence similaritiesContains 1 death domain.
DomainAn intact death domain is needed for apoptosis.
Post-translational modificationsExpression is altered specifically during apoptosis and is accompanied by the appearance of novel forms with smaller apparent molecular mass.
Cellular localizationCytoplasm and Nucleus speckle. Nucleus > nucleoplasm. Nucleus matrix. Cytoplasm. Can shuttle between the nucleus and cytoplasm. Nuclear localization is required for induction of apoptotic cell death. Translocates to the cytoplasm during the early phase of apoptosis execution.