The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use a concentration of 3.75 µg/ml. Perform heat mediated antigen retrieval with citrate buffer pH 6 before commencing with IHC staining protocol.
FunctionCa(2+) release-activated Ca(2+) (CRAC) channel subunit which mediates Ca(2+) influx following depletion of intracellular Ca(2+) stores and channel activation by the Ca(2+) sensor, STIM1. CRAC channels are the main pathway for Ca(2+) influx in T-cells and promote the immune response to pathogens by activating the transcription factor NFAT.
Involvement in diseaseDefects in ORAI1 are the cause of immune dysfunction with T-cell inactivation due to calcium entry defect type 1 (IDTICED1) [MIM:612782]. IDTICED1 is an immune disorder characterized by recurrent infections, impaired T-cell activation and proliferative response, decreased T-cell production of cytokines, and normal lymphocytes counts and serum immunoglobulin levels. In surviving patients ectodermal dysplasia with anhydrosis and non-progressive myopathy may be observed.