General notesab94056 is a 293T cell transfected lysate in which Human p38 has been transiently over-expressed using a pCMV-p38 plasmid. The lysate is provided in 1X Sample Buffer.
Note: For more details on how the transfected lysate was prepared view preparation notes
BackgroundDomain: The TXY motif contains the threonine and tyrosine residues whose phosphorylation activates the MAP kinases.
Function: Responds to activation by environmental stress, pro-inflammatory cytokines and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) by phosphorylating a number of transcription factors, such as ELK1 and ATF2 and several downstream kinases, such as MAPKAPK2 and MAPKAPK5. Plays a critical role in the production of some cytokines, for example IL-6. May play a role in stabilization of EPO mRNA during hypoxic stress. Isoform Mxi2 activation is stimulated by mitogens and oxidative stress and only poorly phosphorylates ELK1 and ATF2. Isoform Exip may play a role in the early onset of apoptosis.
PTM: Dually phosphorylated on Thr-180 and Tyr-182, which activates the enzyme.
Phosphorylated upon DNA damage, probably by ATM or ATR.
Similarity: Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. CMGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family. MAP kinase subfamily.
Contains 1 protein kinase domain.
Tissue specificity: Brain, heart, placenta, pancreas and skeletal muscle. Expressed to a lesser extent in lung, liver and kidney.