Involved in the processing of hormone and other protein precursors at sites comprised of pairs of basic amino acid residues. Substrates include POMC, renin, enkephalin, dynorphin, somatostatin and insulin.
Involvement in disease
Defects in PCSK1 are the cause of proprotein convertase 1 deficiency (PC1 deficiency) [MIM:600955]. PC1 deficiency is characterized by obesity, hypogonadism, hypoadrenalism, reactive hypoglycemia as well as marked small-intestinal absorptive dysfunction It is due to impaired processing of prohormones.
Belongs to the peptidase S8 family. Furin subfamily.
Cytoplasmic vesicle > secretory vesicle. Localized in the secretion granules.