The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use a concentration of 10 µg/ml.
Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml. Detects a band of approximately 57 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 57 kDa).
Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml.
FunctionA scaffold protein that connects plasma membrane proteins and regulatory components, regulating their surface expression in epithelial cells apical domains. May be involved in the coordination of a diverse range of regulatory processes for ion transport and second messenger cascades. In complex with SLC9A3R1, may cluster proteins that are functionally dependent in a mutual fashion and modulate the trafficking and the activity of the associated membrane proteins. May play a role in the cellular mechanisms associated with multidrug resistance through its interaction with ABCC2 and PDZK1IP1. May potentiate the CFTR chloride channel activity. May function to connect SCARB1 with the cellular machineries for intracellular cholesterol transport and/or metabolism. May be involved in the regulation of proximal tubular Na(+)-dependent inorganic phosphate cotransport therefore playing an important role in tubule function.
Tissue specificityExpression is limited to epithelial cells. Expressed in the kidney (brush border of proximal tubule), pancreas, liver, and small intestine. Expressed at a lower level in the adrenal cortex, testis and stomach. Overexpressed in breast, renal and lung carcinomas.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the NHER family. Contains 4 PDZ (DHR) domains.
DomainThe PDZ 2 and 3 domains seem to be involved in the interaction with SLC26A3. Interaction with the C-terminus of CFTR could be mediated through independent binding of PDZ 1, 3 and 4 domains. The PDZ 1 and 3 domains seem to be involved in the interaction with SLCO1A1. The PDZ 1 domain interacts with BCR.
Cellular localizationCytoplasm. Membrane. Associated with peripheral membranes. Localizes to the apical compartment of proximal tubular cells and to sinusoidal liver membranes.
All lanes : Anti-PDZK1 antibody (ab64856) at 1 µg/ml
Lane 1 : MCF7 (Human breast adenocarcinoma cell line) Whole Cell Lysate Lane 2 : MDA-MB-361 (Human breast adenocarcinoma cell line) Whole Cell Lysate Lane 3 : A549 (Human lung adenocarcinoma epithelial cell line) Whole Cell Lysate Lane 4 : Human kidney tissue lysate - total protein (ab30203) Lane 5 : Human liver tissue lysate - total protein (ab29889)
Lysates/proteins at 10 µg per lane.
Secondary Goat polyclonal to Rabbit IgG - H&L - Pre-Adsorbed (HRP) at 1/3000 dilution Developed using the ECL technique
Performed under reducing conditions.
Predicted band size : 57 kDa Observed band size : 57 kDa Additional bands at : 37 kDa,40 kDa,60 kDa (possible post-translational modification). We are unsure as to the identity of these extra bands.
IHC image of ab64856 staining PDZK1 in Human normal kidney formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue section, performed on a Leica BondTM system using the standard protocol F. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with sodium citrate buffer (pH6, epitope retrieval solution 1) for 20 mins. The section was then incubated with ab64856, µg/ml, for 15 mins at room temperature and detected using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. The section was then counterstained with haematoxylin and mounted with DPX.
For other IHC staining systems (automated and non-automated) customers should optimize variable parameters such as antigen retrieval conditions, primary antibody concentration and antibody incubation times.
ICC/IF image of ab64856 stained MCF7 cells. The cells were 4% formaldehyde (10 min) and then incubated in 1%BSA / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h to permeabilise the cells and block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The cells were then incubated with the antibody (ab64856, 10µg/ml) overnight at +4°C. The secondary antibody (green) was ab96899 Dylight 488 goat anti-rabbit IgG (H+L) used at a 1/250 dilution for 1h. Alexa Fluor® 594 WGA was used to label plasma membranes (red) at a 1/200 dilution for 1h. DAPI was used to stain the cell nuclei (blue) at a concentration of 1.43µM.
References for Anti-PDZK1 antibody (ab64856)
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