The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Application notesIHC-P: 1/100 - 1/500. Epitope exposure is recommended. Epitope exposure with citrate buffer will enhance staining.
Likely to work with frozen sections.
Not yet tested in other applications.
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
FunctionCoactivator of estrogen receptor-mediated transcription and a corepressor of other nuclear hormone receptors and sequence-specific transcription factors. Plays a role in estrogen receptor (ER) genomic activity when present in the nuclear compartment by activating the ER target genes in a hormonal stimulation dependent manner. Can facilitate ER non-genomic signaling via SRC and PI3K interaction in the cytosol. Plays a role in E2-mediated cell cycle progression by interacting with RB1. May have important functional implications in ER/growth factor cross-talk. Interacts with several growth factor signaling components including EGFR and HRS. Involved in nuclear receptor signaling via its interaction with AR and NR3C1. May promote tumorigenesis via its interaction with and modulation of several oncogenes including SRC, PI3K, STAT3 and EGFR. Plays a role in cancer cell metastasis via its ability to modulate E2-mediated cytoskeleton changes and cell migration via its interaction with SRC and PI3K.
Tissue specificityIsoform 2 is expressed in breast cancer cell lines. Isoform 1 is widely expressed.
DomainThe Glu-rich region mediates histones interaction. The Leu-Xaa-Xaa-Leu-Leu (LXXLL) motifs are required for the association with nuclear receptor ESR1.
Post-translational modificationsPhosphorylated upon DNA damage, probably by ATM or ATR.
Cellular localizationNucleus. Cytoplasm. Also found associated with the plasma membrane. Mainly in cytoplasm in a subset of breast tumors. Localization is widely deregulated in endometrial cancers with predominantly cytoplasm localization in high-grade endometrial tumors.