The production of the second messenger molecules diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is mediated by activated phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C enzymes. In vitro, hydrolyzes PtdIns(4,5)P2 in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner. Triggers intracellular Ca(2+) oscillations in oocytes solely during M phase and is involved in inducing oocyte activation and initiating embryonic development up to the blastocyst stage. Is therefore a strong candidate for the egg-activating soluble sperm factor that is transferred from the sperm into the egg cytoplasm following gamete membrane fusion. May exert an inhibitory effect on phospholipase-C-coupled processes that depend on calcium ions and protein kinase C, including CFTR trafficking and function.
Expressed specifically in testis. Weakly expressed in pancreatic-duct cells. Up-regulated in pancreatic-duct cells from patients with cystic fibrosis.
The EF-hand and C2 domains are essential for triggering Ca(2+) oscillating activity and the regulation of PLCZ1 enzyme activity. The X-Y linker region between PI-PLC X-box and Y-box domains may be a target for proteolysis and may play an important regulatory role during fertilization.
Nucleus. Cytoplasm > perinuclear region. Exhibits alternative cytoplasmic/nuclear localization during development. Translocates from the pronucleus into cytoplasm upon nuclear envelope breakdown for mitosis and localizes again to the pronucleus at interphase following meiosis and mitosis.