The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml. Detects a band of approximately 65 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 66 kDa).
Use a concentration of 5 µg/ml.
FunctionPolymerase that creates the 3' poly(A) tail of mitochondrial transcripts. Can use all four nucleotides, but has higher activity with ATP and UTP (in vitro). Plays a role in replication-dependent histone mRNA degradation. May be involved in the terminal uridylation of mature histone mRNAs before their degradation is initiated. Might be responsible for the creation of some UAA stop codons which are not encoded in mtDNA.
Tissue specificityUbiquitous, with stronger expression in tissues with high energy requirements: heart, brain, and skeletal muscle.
Involvement in diseaseDefects in MTPAP are the cause of spastic ataxia autosomal recessive type 4 (SPAX4) [MIM:613672]. A slowly progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by cerebellar ataxia, spastic paraparesis, dysarthria, and optic atrophy. Note=Affected individuals exhibit a drastic decrease in poly(A) tail length of representative mitochondrial mRNA transcripts, including COX1 and RNA14 (PubMed:20970105).
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the DNA polymerase type-B-like family. Contains 1 PAP-associated domain.
ICC/IF image of ab78618 stained HepG2 cells. The cells were 4% formaldehyde fixed (10 min) and then incubated in 1%BSA / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h to permeabilise the cells and block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The cells were then incubated with the antibody ab78618 at 5µg/ml overnight at +4°C. The secondary antibody (green) was Alexa Fluor® 488 goat anti- rabbit IgG (H+L) used at a 1/1000 dilution for 1h. Alexa Fluor® 594 WGA was used to label plasma membranes (red) at a 1/200 dilution for 1h. DAPI was used to stain the cell nuclei (blue) at a concentration of 1.43µM.
References for Anti-Poly(A) RNA polymerase, mitochondrial antibody (ab78618)
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