FunctionThe B regulatory subunit might modulate substrate selectivity and catalytic activity, and also might direct the localization of the catalytic enzyme to a particular subcellular compartment. The PP2A-PPP2R5C holoenzyme may specifically dephosphorylate and activate TP53 and play a role in DNA damage-induced inhibition of cell proliferation. PP2A-PPP2R5C may also regulate the ERK signaling pathway through ERK dephosphorylation.
Tissue specificityHighest levels in heart, skeletal muscle and brain. Lower levels in pancreas, kidney, lung and placenta. Very low levels in liver.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the phosphatase 2A regulatory subunit B56 family.
Post-translational modificationsIsoform Gamma-3 is phosphorylated on serine residues. Isoform Gamma-1 phosphorylation by ERK2 is IER3-dependent and inhibits ERK dephosphorylation by PP2A-PPP2R5C.