Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (ATP-binding cassette sub family C, member 7)
Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator ATP binding cassette sub family C member 7
Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Regulator
FunctionInvolved in the transport of chloride ions. May regulate bicarbonate secretion and salvage in epithelial cells by regulating the SLC4A7 transporter.
Tissue specificityFound on the surface of the epithelial cells that line the lungs and other organs.
Involvement in diseaseDefects in CFTR are the cause of cystic fibrosis (CF) [MIM:219700]; also known as mucoviscidosis. CF is the most common genetic disease in the Caucasian population, with a prevalence of about 1 in 2'000 live births. Inheritance is autosomal recessive. CF is a common generalized disorder of exocrine gland function which impairs clearance of secretions in a variety of organs. It is characterized by the triad of chronic bronchopulmonary disease (with recurrent respiratory infections), pancreatic insufficiency (which leads to malabsorption and growth retardation) and elevated sweat electrolytes. Defects in CFTR are the cause of congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD) [MIM:277180]. CBAVD is an important cause of sterility in men and could represent an incomplete form of cystic fibrosis, as the majority of men suffering from cystic fibrosis lack the vas deferens.
DomainThe PDZ-binding motif mediates interactions with GOPC and with the SLC4A7, SLC9A3R1/EBP50 complex.
Post-translational modificationsPhosphorylated; activates the channel. It is not clear whether PKC phosphorylation itself activates the channel or permits activation by phosphorylation at PKA sites. Ubiquitinated, leading to its degradation in the lysosome. Deubiquitination by USP10 in early endosomes, enhances its endocytic recycling.