The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Protein concentration is above or equal to 0.05 mg/ml.
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Preparation and Storage
Stability and Storage
Shipped on dry ice. Upon delivery aliquot and store at -80ºC. Avoid freeze / thaw cycles.
pH: 8.00 Constituents: 0.31% Glutathione, 0.79% Tris HCl
5'' exonuclease Apollo
DNA cross-link repair 1B protein
SNM1 homolog B
5'-3' exonuclease that plays a central role in telomere maintenance and protection during S-phase. Participates in the protection of telomeres against non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ)-mediated repair, thereby ensuring that telomeres do not fuse. Plays a key role in telomeric loop (T loop) formation by being recruited by TERF2 at the leading end telomeres and by processing leading-end telomeres immediately after their replication via its exonuclease activity: generates 3' single-stranded overhang at the leading end telomeres avoiding blunt leading-end telomeres that are vulnerable to end-joining reactions and expose the telomere end in a manner that activates the DNA repair pathways. Together with TERF2, required to protect telomeres from replicative damage during replication by controlling the amount of DNA topoisomerase (TOP1, TOP2A and TOP2B) needed for telomere replication during fork passage and prevent aberrant telomere topology. Also involved in response to DNA damage: plays a role in response to DNA interstrand cross-links (ICLs) by facilitating double-strand break formation. In case of spindle stress, involved in prophase checkpoint.
Involvement in disease
Defects in DCLRE1B may be a cause of Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson syndrome (HHS) [MIM:300240]. HHS is a multisystem disorder affecting males and is characterized by aplastic anemia, immunodeficiency, microcephaly, cerebellar hypoplasia, and growth retardation. Note=An aberrant splice variant designated Apollo-Delta has been found in a patient with Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson syndrome. Apollo-Delta hampers the proper replication of telomeres, leading to major telomeric dysfunction and cellular senescence, but maintains its DNA interstrand cross-link repair function in the whole genome.
Belongs to the DNA repair metallo-beta-lactamase (DRMBL) family.
The TBM domain mediates interaction with TERF2.
Phosphorylated upon DNA damage, probably by ATM or ATR. Ubiquitinated, leading to its degradation. Interaction with TERF2 protects it from ubiquitination.
Chromosome > telomere. Nucleus. Cytoplasm > cytoskeleton > centrosome. Mainly localizes to telomeres, recruited via its interaction with TERF2. During mitosis, localizes to the centrosome.