Solute carrier family 1 (glial high affinity glutamate transporter) member 3
Solute carrier family 1 member 3
FunctionTransports L-glutamate and also L- and D-aspartate. Essential for terminating the postsynaptic action of glutamate by rapidly removing released glutamate from the synaptic cleft. Acts as a symport by cotransporting sodium.
Tissue specificityHighly expressed in cerebellum, but also found in frontal cortex, hippocampus and basal ganglia.
Involvement in diseaseDefects in SLC1A3 are the cause of episodic ataxia type 6 (EA6) [MIM:612656]. EA6 is characterized by episodic ataxia, seizures, migraine and alternating hemiplegia.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the sodium:dicarboxylate (SDF) symporter (TC 2.A.23) family. SLC1A3 subfamily.