Fibrillins are structural components of 10-12 nm extracellular calcium-binding microfibrils, which occur either in association with elastin or in elastin-free bundles. Fibrillin-2-containing microfibrils regulate the early process of elastic fiber assembly. Regulates osteoblast maturation by controlling TGF-beta bioavailability and calibrating TGF-beta and BMP levels, respectively.
Involvement in disease
Defects in FBN2 are the cause of congenital contractural arachnodactyly (CCA) [MIM:121050]; also known as Beals syndrome or distal arthrogryposis type 9 (DA9). CCA is a rare, autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder characterized by contractures, arachnodactyly, scoliosis, and crumpled ears. Phenotypically similar to Marfan syndrome, CCA does not affect the aorta and the eyes.
Belongs to the fibrillin family. Contains 47 EGF-like domains. Contains 9 TB (TGF-beta binding) domains.
Secreted > extracellular space > extracellular matrix.