synuclein, gamma (breast cancer-specific protein 1)
Plays a role in neurofilament network integrity. May be involved in modulating axonal architecture during development and in the adult. In vitro, increases the susceptibility of neurofilament-H to calcium-dependent proteases (By similarity). May also function in modulating the keratin network in skin. Activates the MAPK and Elk-1 signal transduction pathway.
Highly expressed in brain, particularly in the substantia nigra. Also expressed in the corpus callosum, heart, skeletal muscle, ovary, testis, colon and spleen. Weak expression in pancreas, kidney and lung.
Belongs to the synuclein family.
Phosphorylated. Phosphorylation by GRK5 appears to occur on residues distinct from the residue phosphorylated by other kinases.
Cytoplasm > perinuclear region. Cytoplasm > cytoskeleton > centrosome. Cytoplasm > cytoskeleton > spindle. Associated with centrosomes in several interphase cells. In mitotic cells, localized to the poles of the spindle.