FunctionCalcium-independent, phospholipid-dependent, serine- and threonine-specific kinase. May play a role in the secretory response to nutrients. Involved in cell polarization processes and the formation of epithelial tight junctions. Implicated in the activation of several signaling pathways including Ras, c-Src and NF-kappa-B pathways. Functions in both pro- and anti-apoptotic pathways. Functions in the RAC1/ERK signaling required for transformed growth. Plays a role in microtubule dynamics through interaction with RAB2A and GAPDH and recruitment to vesicular tubular clusters (VTCs).
Tissue specificityPredominantly expressed in lung and brain, but also expressed at lower levels in many tissues including pancreatic islets. Highly expressed in non-small cell lung cancers.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the protein kinase superfamily. AGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family. PKC subfamily. Contains 1 AGC-kinase C-terminal domain. Contains 1 OPR domain. Contains 1 phorbol-ester/DAG-type zinc finger. Contains 1 protein kinase domain.
DomainThe OPR domain mediates interaction with SQSTM1. The C1 domain does not bind diacylglycerol (DAG).
Post-translational modificationsOn neuronal growth factor (NGF) stimulation, phosphorylated by Src on Tyr-265, Tyr-280 and Tyr-334. Phosphorylation on Tyr-265 facilitates binding to KPNB1/importin-beta regulating entry of PRKCI into the nucleus. Phosphorylation on Tyr-334 is important for NF-kappa-B stimulation.
Cellular localizationCytoplasm. Membrane. Endosome. Nucleus. Transported into the endosome through interaction with SQSTM1/p62. After phosphorylation by cSrc, transported into the nucleus through interaction with KPNB1. Colocalizes with CDK7 in the cytoplasm and nucleus. Vesicular tubular clusters. Transported to VTCs through interaction with RAB2A.