NAD dependent lysine demalonylase and desuccinylase sirtuin 5 mitochondrial
NAD dependent protein deacylase sirtuin 5 mitochondrial
NAD-dependent protein deacylase sirtuin-5, mitochondrial
Regulatory protein SIR2 homolog 5
Silent mating type information regulation 2 S.cerevisiae homolog 5
Sir2 like 5
SIR2-like protein 5
Sirtuin type 5
NAD-dependent lysine demalonylase, desuccinylase and deglutarylase that specifically removes malonyl, succinyl and glutaryl groups on target proteins (PubMed:21908771, PubMed:22076378, PubMed:24703693). Activates CPS1 and contributes to the regulation of blood ammonia levels during prolonged fasting: acts by mediating desuccinylation and deglutarylation of CPS1, thereby increasing CPS1 activity in response to elevated NAD levels during fasting (PubMed:22076378, PubMed:24703693). Activates SOD1 by mediating its desuccinylation, leading to reduced reactive oxygen species (PubMed:24140062). Modulates ketogenesis through the desuccinylation and activation of HMGCS2 (By similarity). Has weak NAD-dependent protein deacetylase activity; however this activity may not be physiologically relevant in vivo. Can deacetylate cytochrome c (CYCS) and a number of other proteins in vitro such as UOX.
Belongs to the sirtuin family. Class III subfamily. Contains 1 deacetylase sirtuin-type domain.
In contrast to class I sirtuins, class III sirtuins have only weak deacetylase activity. Difference in substrate specificity is probably due to a larger hydrophobic pocket with 2 residues (Tyr-102 and Arg-105) that bind to malonylated and succinylated substrates and define the specificity (PubMed:22076378).
Mitochondrion; Cytoplasm. Mitochondrion and Mitochondrion matrix. Mitochondrion intermembrane space. Cytoplasm, cytosol. Nucleus. Mainly mitochondrial. Also present extramitochondrially: a fraction is present in the cytosol and very small amounts are also detected in the nucleus.