Overview

Description

  • Nature
    Recombinant
  • Source
    Escherichia coli
  • Amino Acid Sequence
    • Species
      Human

Specifications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab63176 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

  • Applications

    SDS-PAGE

    Western blot

  • Form
    Liquid
  • Concentration information loading...

Preparation and Storage

  • Stability and Storage

    Shipped on dry ice. Upon delivery aliquot and store at -80ºC. Avoid freeze / thaw cycles.

    Preservative: None
    Constituents: 25% Glycerol, 50mM Tris HCl, 150mM Sodium chloride, 0.25mM DTT, 0.1mM PMSF, pH 7.5

General Info

  • Alternative names
    • Drosophila, homolog of, MADR2
    • hMAD-2
    • HsMAD2
    • JV18
    • JV18-1
    • JV181
    • MAD
    • MAD homolog 2
    • MAD Related Protein 2
    • Mad-related protein 2
    • MADH2
    • MADR2
    • MGC22139
    • MGC34440
    • Mother against DPP homolog 2
    • Mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 2
    • Mothers against decapentaplegic, Drosophila, homolog of, 2
    • Mothers against DPP homolog 2
    • OTTHUMP00000163489
    • Sma and Mad related protein 2
    • Sma- and Mad-related protein 2 MAD
    • SMAD 2
    • SMAD family member 2
    • SMAD, mothers against DPP homolog 2
    • SMAD2
    • SMAD2_HUMAN
    see all
  • Function
    Receptor-regulated SMAD (R-SMAD) that is an intracellular signal transducer and transcriptional modulator activated by TGF-beta (transforming growth factor) and activin type 1 receptor kinases. Binds the TRE element in the promoter region of many genes that are regulated by TGF-beta and, on formation of the SMAD2/SMAD4 complex, activates transcription. May act as a tumor suppressor in colorectal carcinoma.
  • Tissue specificity
    Expressed at high levels in skeletal muscle, heart and placenta.
  • Sequence similarities
    Belongs to the dwarfin/SMAD family.
    Contains 1 MH1 (MAD homology 1) domain.
    Contains 1 MH2 (MAD homology 2) domain.
  • Post-translational
    modifications
    Phosphorylated on one or several of Thr-220, Ser-245, Ser-250, and Ser-255. In response to TGF-beta, phosphorylated on Ser-465/467 by TGF-beta and activin type 1 receptor kinases. Able to interact with SMURF2 when phosphorylated on Ser-465/467, recruiting other proteins, such as SNON, for degradation. In response to decorin, the naturally occurring inhibitor of TGF-beta signaling, phosphorylated on Ser-240 by CaMK2. Phosphorylated by MAPK3 upon EGF stimulation; which increases transcriptional activity and stability, and is blocked by calmodulin.
    In response to TGF-beta, ubiquitinated by NEDD4L; which promotes its degradation.
    Acetylated on Lys-19 by coactivators in response to TGF-beta signaling, which increases transcriptional activity. Isoform short: Acetylation increases DNA binding activity in vitro and enhances its association with target promoters in vivo. Acetylation in the nucleus by EP300 is enhanced by TGF-beta.
  • Cellular localization
    Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Cytoplasmic and nuclear in the absence of TGF-beta. On TGF-beta stimulation, migrates to the nucleus when complexed with SMAD4. On dephosphorylation by phosphatase PPM1A, released from the SMAD2/SMAD4 complex, and exported out of the nucleus by interaction with RANBP1.
  • Information by UniProt

Images

  • ab63176 on SDS-PAGE, MW ~90kDa.

References

ab63176 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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Please note: All products are "FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY AND ARE NOT INTENDED FOR DIAGNOSTIC OR THERAPEUTIC USE"

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