This product is an active protein and may elicit a biological response in vivo, handle with caution.
Kinase responsive to stress 1
Mammalian STE20 like protein kinase 2
Mammalian STE20-like protein kinase 2
Mammalian sterile 20-like 2
Serine/threonine kinase 3
Serine/threonine kinase 3 (STE20 homolog, yeast)
Serine/threonine kinase 3 (Ste20, yeast homolog)
Serine/threonine protein kinase 3
Serine/threonine protein kinase Krs1
Serine/threonine-protein kinase 3
Serine/threonine-protein kinase Krs-1
STE20 like kinase MST2
STE20-like kinase MST2
FunctionStress-activated, pro-apoptotic kinase which, following caspase-cleavage, enters the nucleus and induces chromatin condensation followed by internucleosomal DNA fragmentation. Key component of the Hippo signaling pathway which plays a pivotal role in organ size control and tumor suppression by restricting proliferation and promoting apoptosis. The core of this pathway is composed of a kinase cascade wherein MST1/MST2, in complex with its regulatory protein SAV1, phosphorylates and activates LATS1/2 in complex with its regulatory protein MOB1, which in turn phosphorylates and inactivates YAP1 oncoprotein and WWTR1/TAZ. Phosphorylation of YAP1 by LATS2 inhibits its translocation into the nucleus to regulate cellular genes important for cell proliferation, cell death, and cell migration. MST1/MST2 are required to repress proliferation of mature hepatocytes, to prevent activation of facultative adult liver stem cells (oval cells), and to inhibit tumor formation. Phosphorylates NKX2-1.
Tissue specificityExpressed at high levels in adult kidney, skeletal and placenta tissues and at very low levels in adult heart, lung and brain tissues.
Sequence similaritiesBelongs to the protein kinase superfamily. STE Ser/Thr protein kinase family. STE20 subfamily. Contains 1 protein kinase domain. Contains 1 SARAH domain.
Cellular localizationCytoplasm. Nucleus. The caspase-cleaved form cycles between nucleus and cytoplasm.