The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Protein concentration is above or equal to 0.05 mg/ml.
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Preparation and Storage
Stability and Storage
Shipped on dry ice. Upon delivery aliquot and store at -80ºC. Avoid freeze / thaw cycles.
pH: 8.00 Constituents: 0.31% Glutathione, 0.79% Tris HCl
Toll like receptor 9
Toll like receptor 9 isoform A precursor
Toll like receptor 9 isoform B
Toll-like receptor 9
Key component of innate and adaptive immunity. TLRs (Toll-like receptors) control host immune response against pathogens through recognition of molecular patterns specific of microorganisms. TLR9 is a nucleotide-sensing TLR which is activated by unmethylated cytidine-phosphate-guanosine (CpG) dinucleotides. Acts via MYD88 and TRAF6, leading to NF-kappa-B activation, cytokine secretion and the inflammatory response.
Highly expressed in spleen, lymph node, tonsil and peripheral blood leukocytes, especially in plasmacytoid pre-dendritic cells. Levels are much lower in monocytes and CD11c+ immature dendritic cells. Also detected in lung and liver.
Belongs to the Toll-like receptor family. Contains 26 LRR (leucine-rich) repeats. Contains 1 TIR domain.
Endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Endosome. Lysosome. Cytoplasmic vesicle > phagosome. Relocalizes from endoplasmic reticulum to endosome and lysosome upon stimulation with agonist.