Recombinant human TNF alpha protein (Animal Free) (ab179617)

Overview

Description

  • Nature
    Recombinant
  • Source
    Escherichia coli
  • Amino Acid Sequence
    • Accession
    • Species
      Human
    • Sequence
      VRSSSRTPSDKPVAHVVANPQAEGQLQWLNRRANALLANGVELRDNQLVV PSEGLYLIYSQVLFKGQGCPSTHVLLTHTISRIAVSYQTKVNLLSAIKSP CQRETPEGAEAKPWYEPIYLGGVFQLEKGDRLSAEINRPDYLDFAESGQV YFGIIAL
    • Molecular weight
      18 kDa
    • Amino acids
      77 to 233
    • Additional sequence information
      Mature form

Specifications

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab179617 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

  • Biological activity

    Biological Activity:

    The activity is determined by the cytolysis of mouse L929 cells in the presence of Actinomycin D and is typically less than 0.05 ng/mL.

  • Applications

    SDS-PAGE

    Functional Studies

  • Endotoxin level
    <=1.000 Eu/µg
  • Purity
    >95% by SDS-PAGE .

  • Form
    Lyophilised
  • Concentration information loading...

Preparation and Storage

  • Stability and Storage

    Shipped at 4°C. Store at -20°C. For long term storage it is recommended to add a carrier protein on reconstitution (0.1% HSA or BSA).

    pH: 8.00
    Constituent: 0.2% Sodium phosphate

    This product is an active protein and may elicit a biological response in vivo, handle with caution.

  • Reconstitution
    Centrifuge vial before opening. When reconstituting the product, gently pipet and wash down the sides of the vial to ensure full recovery of the protein into solution. It is recommended to reconstitute the lyophilized product with sterile water at a concentration of 0.1 mg/mL, which can be further diluted into other aqueous solutions. Reconstituted material should be aliquoted and frozen at -20°C.

General Info

  • Alternative names
    • APC1
    • APC1 protein
    • Cachectin
    • DIF
    • Differentiation inducing factor
    • Macrophage cytotoxic factor
    • Tnf
    • TNF superfamily, member 2
    • TNF, macrophage derived
    • TNF, monocyte derived
    • TNF-a
    • TNF-alpha
    • TNFA
    • TNFA_HUMAN
    • TNFSF2
    • Tumor necrosis factor
    • Tumor necrosis factor alpha
    • Tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 2
    • Tumor Necrosis Factor, Membrane Form
    • Tumor necrosis factor, soluble form
    see all
  • Function
    Cytokine that binds to TNFRSF1A/TNFR1 and TNFRSF1B/TNFBR. It is mainly secreted by macrophages and can induce cell death of certain tumor cell lines. It is potent pyrogen causing fever by direct action or by stimulation of interleukin-1 secretion and is implicated in the induction of cachexia, Under certain conditions it can stimulate cell proliferation and induce cell differentiation.
  • Involvement in disease
    Genetic variations in TNF are a cause of susceptibility psoriatic arthritis (PSORAS) [MIM:607507]. PSORAS is an inflammatory, seronegative arthritis associated with psoriasis. It is a heterogeneous disorder ranging from a mild, non-destructive disease to a severe, progressive, erosive arthropathy. Five types of psoriatic arthritis have been defined: asymmetrical oligoarthritis characterized by primary involvement of the small joints of the fingers or toes; asymmetrical arthritis which involves the joints of the extremities; symmetrical polyarthritis characterized by a rheumatoidlike pattern that can involve hands, wrists, ankles, and feet; arthritis mutilans, which is a rare but deforming and destructive condition; arthritis of the sacroiliac joints and spine (psoriatic spondylitis).
  • Sequence similarities
    Belongs to the tumor necrosis factor family.
  • Post-translational
    modifications
    The soluble form derives from the membrane form by proteolytic processing.
    The membrane form, but not the soluble form, is phosphorylated on serine residues. Dephosphorylation of the membrane form occurs by binding to soluble TNFRSF1A/TNFR1.
    O-glycosylated; glycans contain galactose, N-acetylgalactosamine and N-acetylneuraminic acid.
  • Cellular localization
    Secreted and Cell membrane.
  • Information by UniProt

Images

  • The cytolysis of mouse L929 cells in the presence of Actinomycin D with ab179617.

References

ab179617 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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Please note: All products are "FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY AND ARE NOT INTENDED FOR DIAGNOSTIC OR THERAPEUTIC USE"

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