The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Biological Activity: Measured in a cytotoxicity assay using L929 mouse fibrosarcoma cells in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED50 for this effect is <0.3 ng/ml.
>90% by SDS-PAGE.
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Preparation and Storage
Stability and Storage
Shipped at 4°C. Store at +4°C short term (1-2 weeks). Upon delivery aliquot. Store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid freeze / thaw cycle.
pH: 8.00 Constituents: 0.32% Tris HCl, 30% Glycerol
This product is an active protein and may elicit a biological response in vivo, handle with caution.
Lymphotoxin alpha (TNF superfamily, member 1)
TNF superfamily member 1
Tumor necrosis factor beta
tumor necrosis factor ligand 1E
Tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 1
Cytokine that in its homotrimeric form binds to TNFRSF1A/TNFR1, TNFRSF1B/TNFBR and TNFRSF14/HVEM. In its heterotrimeric form with LTB binds to TNFRSF3/LTBR. Lymphotoxin is produced by lymphocytes and cytotoxic for a wide range of tumor cells in vitro and in vivo.
Involvement in disease
Genetic variations in LTA are a cause of susceptibility psoriatic arthritis (PSORAS) [MIM:607507]. PSORAS is an inflammatory, seronegative arthritis associated with psoriasis. It is a heterogeneous disorder ranging from a mild, non-destructive disease to a severe, progressive, erosive arthropathy. Five types of psoriatic arthritis have been defined: asymmetrical oligoarthritis characterized by primary involvement of the small joints of the fingers or toes; asymmetrical arthritis which involves the joints of the extremities; symmetrical polyarthritis characterized by a rheumatoidlike pattern that can involve hands, wrists, ankles, and feet; arthritis mutilans, which is a rare but deforming and destructive condition; arthritis of the sacroiliac joints and spine (psoriatic spondylitis).
Belongs to the tumor necrosis factor family.
Secreted. Membrane. The homotrimer is secreted. The heterotrimer is membrane-associated.